As already mentioned, rheumatoid arthritis refers to autoimmune diseases, that is, with the development of this disease, lymphocyte cells in our body, which must protect it from all kinds of viruses, pathogenic bacteria and fungi, begin to destroy the tissues of their own body, in the first place, joint fabrics. Scientists cannot yet give a definite answer as to why this is happening. But the factors that contribute to the onset of rheumatoid arthritis have been identified:
Hereditary predisposition. The presence of rheumatoid arthritis in a blood relative increases the risk of the disease tenfold.
Another factor in the occurrence of this disease is various viral diseases: from ARVI, tonsillitis and influenza, to measles and viral paratitis (mumps), that is, diseases that weaken the immune system. Scientists suggest that in some cases, particles or waste products of viruses and bacteria may remain in the joints and joint fluid, which is why the cells of the immune system react to them and begin to destroy them.
Allergy is another factor that, in some cases, can trigger the development of rheumatoid arthritis.
Other types of arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis can be caused by reactive, infectious, or traumatic arthritis.
Stress, strong nervous shocks and experiences can also cause this disease.
According to experts, the onset of the disease can be significantly influenced by hormonal disorders, as well as the influence of certain substances: various toxic substances, waste products of various microorganisms (toxins), the effect of tobacco.
Imbalance of sex hormones, when female sex hormones dominate male, autoimmune disorders occur.
Reactive arthritis is most often caused by urogenital or intestinal infectious diseases, but there is no direct connection between arthritis and these diseases. Not all people who have had an infectious disease have a complication in the form of reactive arthritis. From the point of view of immunologists and geneticists, a complication in the form of reactive arthritis, against the background of an infectious disease, occurs only in people who have a genetic predisposition to it. Simply put, infection is a trigger for reactive arthritis. As a result, non-suppurative reactive inflammation occurs in the joints.
Infectious arthritis is called arthritis that is caused by infectious agents (viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa) that invade the joint tissues. Note that during the diagnosis, the infectious nature of arthritis is diagnosed in every third case. This type of disease often affects the large joints of the legs: ankle, knee and hip, less often the joints of the hands.
This disease is diagnosed in people of different ages: from newborns to the elderly.
One of the most common diseases in modern society is gouty arthritis. And if 2 – 3 centuries ago, gout was considered a disease of respectable people, then in our time it can be described as a disease of people who love to eat well. As experts say, not one other disease is tied as much to a person’s lifestyle as gout.
I would like to note that representatives of the stronger sex are more susceptible to this disease. And there is an explanation for this, the fact is that men often prefer red meat, fatty fish and alcohol in their diet. It is in these products that substances are contained that, when decomposed, form purines, which are converted into uric acid.
So what exactly is gouty arthritis? Gouty arthritis is understood as an inflammatory lesion of the joints, which occurs due to the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joint tissues, its destructive effect on cartilage tissue and periarticular tissues.